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Teenagers, Social Media and Know-how 2022

TikTok has established itself as one of many high on-line platforms for U.S. teenagers, whereas the share of teenagers who use Fb has fallen sharply

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Pew Analysis Heart carried out this examine to raised perceive teenagers’ use of digital gadgets, social media and different on-line platforms. For this evaluation, we surveyed 1,316 U.S. teenagers. The survey was carried out on-line by Ipsos from April 14 to Might 4, 2022.

This analysis was reviewed and permitted by an exterior institutional overview board (IRB), Advarra, which is an unbiased committee of consultants that focuses on serving to to guard the rights of analysis contributors.

Ipsos recruited the kids through their mother and father who have been part of its KnowledgePanel, a probability-based net panel recruited primarily by way of nationwide, random sampling of residential addresses. The survey is weighted to be consultant of U.S. teenagers ages 13 to 17 who stay with mother and father by age, gender, race, ethnicity, family earnings and different classes.

The pattern information on this report comes from a Heart survey on the identical subject carried out from Sept. 25, 2014, to Oct. 9, 2014, and from Feb. 10, 2015, to March 16, 2015. The survey was fielded by the GfK Group on its KnowledgePanel, which was later acquired by Ipsos.

Listed below are the questions used for this report, together with responses, and its methodology.

Since 2014-15, TikTok has arisen; Facebook usage has dropped; Instagram, Snapchat have grown

The panorama of social media is ever-changing, particularly amongst teenagers who usually are on the vanguard of this area. A brand new Pew Analysis Heart survey of American youngsters ages 13 to 17 finds TikTok has rocketed in recognition since its North American debut a number of years in the past and now could be a high social media platform for teenagers among the many platforms lined on this survey. Some 67% of teenagers say they ever use TikTok, with 16% of all teenagers saying they use it nearly continuously. In the meantime, the share of teenagers who say they use Fb, a dominant social media platform amongst teenagers within the Heart’s 2014-15 survey, has plummeted from 71% then to 32% at this time.

YouTube tops the 2022 teen on-line panorama among the many platforms lined within the Heart’s new survey, as it’s utilized by 95% of teenagers. TikTok is subsequent on the checklist of platforms that have been requested about on this survey (67%), adopted by Instagram and Snapchat, that are each utilized by about six-in-ten teenagers. After these platforms come Fb with 32% and smaller shares who use Twitter, Twitch, WhatsApp, Reddit and Tumblr.

Modifications within the social media panorama since 2014-15 prolong past TikTok’s rise and Fb’s fall. Rising shares of teenagers say they’re utilizing Instagram and Snapchat since then. Conversely, Twitter and Tumblr noticed declining shares of teenagers who report utilizing their platforms. And two of the platforms the Heart tracked within the earlier survey – Vine and Google+ – now not exist.

There are some notable demographic variations in teenagers’ social media selections. For instance, teen boys are extra probably than teen women to say they use YouTube, Twitch and Reddit, whereas teen women are extra probably than teen boys to make use of TikTok, Instagram and Snapchat. As well as, larger shares of Black and Hispanic teenagers report utilizing TikTok, Instagram, Twitter and WhatsApp in contrast with White teenagers.

This examine additionally explores the frequency with which teenagers are on every of the highest 5 on-line platforms: YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, Snapchat and Fb. Absolutely 35% of teenagers say they’re utilizing not less than one among them “nearly continuously.” Teen TikTok and Snapchat customers are notably engaged with these platforms, adopted by teen YouTube customers in shut pursuit. 1 / 4 of teenagers who use Snapchat or TikTok say they use these apps nearly continuously, and a fifth of stripling YouTube customers say the identical. When teenagers general, 19% say they use YouTube nearly continuously, 16% say this about TikTok, and 15% about Snapchat.

About one-in-five teens visit or use YouTube ‘almost constantly’
54% of teens say it would be hard to give up social media

When reflecting on the period of time they spend on social media usually, a majority of U.S. teenagers (55%) say they spend about the correct quantity of time on these apps and websites, whereas a few third of teenagers (36%) say they spend an excessive amount of time on social media. Simply 8% of teenagers suppose they spend too little time on these platforms.

Requested concerning the concept of giving up social media, 54% of teenagers say it might be not less than considerably arduous to offer it up, whereas 46% say it might be not less than considerably simple. Teen women are extra probably than teen boys to precise it might be troublesome to surrender social media (58% vs. 49%). Conversely, 1 / 4 of stripling boys say giving up social media could be very simple, whereas 15% of stripling women say the identical. Older teenagers additionally say they might have problem giving up social media. About six-in-ten teenagers ages 15 to 17 (58%) say giving up social media could be not less than considerably troublesome to do. A smaller share of 13- to 14-year-olds (48%) suppose this is able to be troublesome.

Past simply on-line platforms, the brand new survey finds that the overwhelming majority of teenagers have entry to digital gadgets, comparable to smartphones (95%), desktop or laptop computer computer systems (90%) and gaming consoles (80%). And the examine reveals there was an uptick in day by day teen web customers, from 92% in 2014-15 to 97% at this time. As well as, the share of teenagers who say they’re on-line nearly continuously has roughly doubled since 2014-15 (46% now and 24% then).

These are a few of the findings from an internet survey of 1,316 teenagers carried out by the Pew Analysis Heart from April 14 to Might 4, 2022. Extra particulars concerning the findings on adoption and use of digital applied sciences by teenagers are lined beneath.

Smartphones, desktop and laptop computer computer systems, and gaming consoles stay extensively accessible to teenagers

Nearly all teens in 2022 have access to a smartphone, up from 73% in 2014-15

Since 2014-15, there was a 22 proportion level rise within the share of teenagers who report accessing a smartphone (95% now and 73% then). Whereas teenagers’ entry to smartphones has elevated over roughly the previous eight years, their entry to different digital applied sciences, comparable to desktop or laptop computer computer systems or gaming consoles, has remained statistically unchanged.

The survey reveals there are variations in entry to those digital gadgets for sure teams. As an example, teenagers ages 15 to 17 (98%) usually tend to have entry to a smartphone than their 13- to 14-year-old counterparts (91%). As well as, teen boys are 21 factors extra prone to say they’ve entry to gaming consoles than teen women – a sample that has been reported in prior Heart analysis.

Teens living in lower-income households are less likely to report having a computer, gaming console

Entry to computer systems and gaming consoles additionally differs by teenagers’ family earnings. U.S. teenagers dwelling in households that make $75,000 or extra yearly are 12 factors extra prone to have entry to gaming consoles and 15 factors extra prone to have entry to a desktop or laptop computer laptop than teenagers from households with incomes below $30,000. These gaps in teen laptop and gaming console entry are in keeping with digital divides by family earnings the Heart has noticed in earlier teen surveys.

Whereas 72% of U.S. teenagers say they’ve entry to a smartphone, a pc and a gaming console at house, extra prosperous teenagers are notably prone to have entry to all three gadgets. Absolutely 76% of teenagers that stay in households that make not less than $75,000 a yr say they’ve or have entry to a smartphone, a gaming console and a desktop or laptop computer laptop, in contrast with smaller shares of teenagers from households that make lower than $30,000 or teenagers from households making $30,000 to $74,999 a yr who say they’ve entry to all three (60% and 69% of teenagers, respectively).

Virtually all U.S. teenagers report utilizing the web day by day

Nearly half of teens now say they use the internet ‘almost constantly’

The share of teenagers who say they use the web about as soon as a day or extra has grown barely since 2014-15. At present, 97% of teenagers say they use the web day by day, in contrast with 92% of teenagers in 2014-15 who stated the identical.

As well as, the share of teenagers who say they use the web nearly continuously has gone up: 46% of teenagers say they use the web nearly continuously, up from solely a few quarter (24%) of youngsters who stated the identical in 2014-15.

Black, Hispanic teens more likely than White teens to say they are online almost constantly

Black and Hispanic teenagers stand out for being on the web extra steadily than White teenagers. Some 56% of Black teenagers and 55% of Hispanic teenagers say they’re on-line nearly continuously, in contrast with 37% of White teenagers. The distinction between Hispanic and White teenagers on this measure is in keeping with earlier findings in relation to frequent web use.

As well as, older teenagers usually tend to be on-line nearly continuously. Some 52% of 15- to 17-year-olds say they use the web nearly continuously, whereas 36% of 13- to 14-year-olds say the identical. One other demographic sample in “nearly fixed” web use: 53% of city teenagers report being on-line nearly continuously, whereas considerably smaller shares of suburban and rural teenagers say the identical (44% and 43%, respectively).

Slight variations are seen amongst those that say they have interaction in “nearly fixed” web use primarily based on family earnings. A barely bigger share of teenagers from households making $30,000 to $74,999 yearly report utilizing the web nearly continuously, in contrast with teenagers from properties making not less than $75,000 (51% and 43%, respectively). Teenagers who stay in households making below $30,000 don’t considerably differ from both group.

The social media panorama has shifted

This survey requested whether or not U.S. teenagers use 10 particular on-line platforms: YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, Snapchat, Fb, Twitter, Twitch, WhatsApp, Reddit and Tumblr.

YouTube stands out as the commonest on-line platform teenagers use out of the platforms measured, with 95% saying they ever use this web site or app. Majorities additionally say they use TikTok (67%), Instagram (62%) and Snapchat (59%). Instagram and Snapchat use has grown since requested about in 2014-15, when roughly half of teenagers stated they used Instagram (52%) and about four-in-ten stated they used Snapchat (41%).

Majority of teens use YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, Snapchat; share of teens who use Facebook dropped sharply from 2014-15 to now

The share of teenagers utilizing Fb has declined sharply previously decade. At present, 32% of teenagers report ever utilizing Fb, down 39 factors since 2014-15, when 71% stated they ever used the platform. Though at this time’s teenagers don’t use Fb as extensively as teenagers in earlier years, the platform nonetheless enjoys widespread utilization amongst adults, as seen in different current Heart research.

Different social media platforms have additionally seen decreases in utilization amongst teenagers since 2014-15. Some 23% of teenagers now say they ever use Twitter, in contrast with 33% in 2014-15. Tumblr has seen the same decline. Whereas 14% of teenagers in 2014-15 reported utilizing Tumblr, simply 5% of teenagers at this time say they use this platform.

The net platforms teenagers flock to vary barely primarily based on gender. Teen women are extra probably than teen boys to say they ever use TikTok, Instagram and Snapchat, whereas boys are extra probably to make use of Twitch and Reddit. Boys additionally report utilizing YouTube at larger charges than women, though the overwhelming majority of teenagers use this platform no matter gender.

Teen girls are more likely than boys to use TikTok, Instagram and Snapchat; teen boys more likely to use Twitch, Reddit and YouTube; and Black teens are especially drawn to TikTok compared with other groups

Teenagers’ use of sure on-line platforms additionally differs by race and ethnicity. Black and Hispanic teenagers are extra probably than White teenagers to say they ever use TikTok, Instagram, Twitter or WhatsApp. Black teenagers additionally stand out for being extra probably to make use of TikTok in contrast with Hispanic teenagers, whereas Hispanic teenagers are extra probably than their friends to make use of WhatsApp.

Older teenagers are extra probably than youthful teenagers to say they use every of the net platforms requested about aside from YouTube and WhatsApp. Instagram is an particularly notable instance, with a majority of teenagers ages 15 to 17 (73%) saying they ever use Instagram, in contrast with 45% of teenagers ages 13 to 14 who say the identical (a 28-point hole).

Regardless of Fb dropping its dominance within the social media world with this new cohort of teenagers, larger shares of these dwelling in lower- and middle-income households gravitate towards Fb than their friends who stay in additional prosperous households: 44% of teenagers dwelling in households incomes lower than $30,000 a yr and 39% of teenagers from households incomes $30,000 to lower than $75,000 a yr say they ever use Fb, whereas 27% of these from households incomes $75,000 or extra a yr say the identical. Variations in Fb use by family earnings have been present in earlier Heart surveys as effectively (nonetheless the variations by family earnings have been extra pronounced previously).

Roughly one-in-five teens are almost constantly on YouTube; only 2% say the same for Facebook

On the subject of the frequency that teenagers use the highest 5 platforms the survey checked out, YouTube and TikTok stand out because the platforms teenagers use most steadily. About three-quarters of teenagers go to YouTube not less than day by day, together with 19% who report utilizing the location or app nearly continuously. A majority of teenagers (58%) go to TikTok day by day, whereas about half say the identical for Snapchat (51%) and Instagram (50%).

Wanting inside teenagers who use a given platform, TikTok and Snapchat stand out for having bigger shares of teenage customers who go to these platforms repeatedly. Absolutely 86% of stripling TikTok or Snapchat customers say they’re on that platform day by day and 1 / 4 of stripling customers for each of those platforms say they’re on the location or app nearly continuously. Considerably smaller shares of stripling YouTube customers (20%) and teenage Instagram customers (16%) say they’re on these respective platforms nearly continuously (about eight-in-ten teen customers are on these platforms day by day).

Not solely is there a smaller share of teenage Fb customers than there was in 2014-15, teenagers who do use Fb are additionally comparatively much less frequent customers of the platform in contrast with the opposite platforms lined on this survey. Simply 7% of stripling Fb customers say they’re on the location or app nearly continuously (representing 2% of all teenagers). Nonetheless, about six-in-ten teen Fb customers (57%) go to the platform day by day.

Throughout these 5 platforms, 35% of all U.S. teenagers say they’re on not less than one among them nearly continuously. Whereas this isn’t a complete rundown of all teenagers who use any sort of on-line platform nearly continuously, this 35% of teenagers characterize a bunch of comparatively heavy platform customers they usually clearly have totally different views about their use of social media in contrast with those that say they use not less than one among these platforms, although much less usually than “nearly continuously.” These findings are lined in a later part.

Black, Hispanic teens more likely than White teens to say they are almost constantly on TikTok, YouTube and Instagram

Bigger shares of Black and Hispanic teenagers say they’re on TikTok, YouTube and Instagram nearly continuously than White teenagers. For instance, Black and Hispanic teenagers are roughly 5 occasions extra probably than White teenagers to say they’re on Instagram nearly continuously.

Hispanic teenagers usually tend to be frequent customers of Snapchat than White or Black teenagers: 23% of Hispanic teenagers say they use this social media platform nearly continuously, whereas 12% of White teenagers and 11% of Black teenagers say the identical. There aren’t any racial and ethnic variations in teenagers’ frequency of Fb utilization.

General, Hispanic (47%) and Black teenagers (45%) are extra probably than White teenagers (26%) to say they use not less than one among these 5 on-line platforms nearly continuously.

Slight majorities of teenagers see the period of time they spend on social media as about proper and say it might be arduous to surrender

As social media use has develop into a typical a part of many teenagers’ day by day routine, the Heart requested U.S. teenagers how they really feel concerning the period of time they’re spending on social media. A slight majority (55%) say the period of time they spend of social media is about proper, and smaller shares say they spend an excessive amount of time or too little time on these platforms.

Whereas a majority of stripling boys and half of stripling women say they spend about the correct quantity of time on social media, this sentiment is extra widespread amongst boys. Teen women are extra probably than their male counterparts to say they spend an excessive amount of time on social media. As well as, White teenagers usually tend to see their time utilizing social media as about proper in contrast with Hispanic teenagers. Black teenagers don’t differ from both group.

This evaluation additionally explored how teenagers who steadily use these platforms could really feel about their time on them and the way these emotions could differ from teenagers who use these websites and apps much less steadily. To do that, two teams have been constructed. The primary group is the 35% of teenagers who say they use not less than one of many 5 platforms this survey lined – YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, Snapchat or Fb – nearly continuously. The opposite group consists of teenagers who say they use these platforms however not as steadily – that’s, they use not less than one among these 5 platforms however use them much less usually than “nearly continuously.”

When requested how they really feel concerning the time they spend on social media, 53% of teenagers who nearly continuously use not less than one of many platforms say they’re on social media an excessive amount of, whereas about three-in-ten teenagers (28%) who use not less than one among these platforms however much less usually say the identical.

Teenagers who’re nearly continuously on-line – not simply on social media – additionally stand out for saying they spend an excessive amount of time on social media: 51% say they’re on social media an excessive amount of. By comparability, 26% of teenagers who’re on-line a number of occasions a day say they’re on social media an excessive amount of.

Older teens are more likely than younger teens to say it would be hard to give up social media

When reflecting on what it might be prefer to attempt to stop social media, teenagers are considerably divided whether or not this is able to be simple or troublesome. Some 54% of U.S. teenagers say it might be very (18%) or considerably arduous (35%) for them to surrender social media. Conversely, 46% of teenagers say it might be not less than considerably simple for them to surrender social media, with a fifth saying it might be very simple.

Teenage women are barely extra prone to say it might be arduous to surrender social media than teen boys (58% vs. 49%). The same hole is seen between older and youthful teenagers, with teenagers 15 to 17 years previous being extra probably than 13- and 14-year-olds to say it might be not less than considerably arduous to surrender social media.

A majority of teenagers who use not less than one of many platforms requested about within the survey “nearly continuously” say it might be arduous to surrender social media, with 32% saying it might be very arduous. Smaller shares of teenagers who use not less than one among these on-line platforms however use them much less usually say the identical.

The teenagers who suppose they spend an excessive amount of time on social media additionally report they might wrestle to step again utterly from it. Teenagers who say they spend an excessive amount of time on social media are 36 proportion factors extra probably than teenagers who see their utilization as about proper to say giving up social media could be arduous (78% vs. 42%). In truth, about three-in-ten teenagers who say they use social media an excessive amount of (29%) say it might be very arduous for them to surrender social media. Conversely, a majority of teenagers who see their social media utilization as about proper (58%) say that it might be not less than considerably simple for them to offer it up.